Homes are illiquid assets that produce no income and come with ongoing costs for upkeep. Those issues can cause some snags with your trust.
A typical estate at death will include a personal residence. It's common for a large estate to also include a vacation home, or family retreat. Leaving real property in a revocable living trust is common.
Estate plans that include a revocable living trust will fund the trust by a pour-over, says Kiplinger's recent article entitled “Should You Own Your Home in Your Trust?”
A settlor (the person establishing a trust) often will title their home to the revocable trust, which becomes irrevocable at death.
Another option is a Qualified Personal Residence Trust, which is irrevocable, to gift a valuable home to a trust for the settlor's children. With a QPRT, the house is passed over a term of years while the original owner continues to live there, so the gift passes with little or no gift or estate tax.
Some trusts arising from a decedent estate will hold the home belonging to the settlor without any instructions for its disposal or retention. Outside of very large trusts, a requirement to actually purchase homes for beneficiaries in the trust is far less common.
It is more common in a large trust to have terms that let the trustee buy a home for a beneficiary outside the trust or keep the settlor's home in the trust for a beneficiary's use, including purchasing a replacement home when requested.
The trustee will hopefully propose a plan that will satisfy the beneficiary without undue risk to the trust estate or exceeding the trustee's powers. The most relevant considerations for homeownership in a trust are:
- The competing needs of other trust beneficiaries
- The purchase price and costs of maintaining the home
- The size of the trust as compared to those costs
- Other sources of income and resources available to the beneficiary; and
- The interests of the remaindermen (beneficiaries who will take from the trust when the current beneficiaries' interests terminate).
The terms of the trust may require the trustee to ignore some of these considerations.
Each situation requires a number of decisions that could expose the trustee to a charge that it has acted imprudently.
Those who want to create a trust should work with an experienced estate planning attorney to avoid any issues.
Call an experienced Thousand Oaks Estate Planning Lawyer with questions about a Revocable Living Trust. Book a Call
Reference: Kiplinger (Feb. 8, 2022) “Should You Own Your Home in Your Trust?”